Zygomatic implants are dental implants that, as the name implies, are anchored in the zygomatic bone. In many cases, treatment with conventional implants cannot be performed in the edentulous maxilla, due to extensive bone resorption and the presence of pneumatized maxillary sinuses. Zygomatic implants are used to treat cases with large bone resorption in the upper jaw, without resorting to complex regenerative techniques and with the possibility of being loaded with a prosthesis immediately.
A therapeutic option for these patients has been to perform some type of bone augmentation procedure to increase bone volume. Traditionally the atrophic maxilla has been treated with large bone grafts of the iliac crest, a procedure that requires general anesthesia, and / or techniques such as sinus floor elevation and that are not always possible. In some cases, resorption is so severe that it prevents even rehabilitation through maxillary sinus lift surgery and bone remodeling with bone grafting.
In these cases, the alternative of using zygomatic implants offers the patient undoubted advantages:
- Immediate aesthetics, since this surgical technique and this type of implant allows the professional to perform an immediate load of the implant.
- The patient in less than 72 hours will enjoy a fixed aesthetic denture that will offer comfort and safety.
- Bone grafts are not required, reducing the risk of failure and simplifying the technique.
- Less postoperative discomfort and more quality of life for the patient.
The alternative of the use of zygomatic implants, due to the relative simplicity of the technique, the lack of morbidity of donor areas and a shorter and more comfortable healing period for the patient, suggests that the zygomatic implants is a simpler alternative to other techniques and better tolerated by the majority of patients with high resorption in the upper jaw.